Westerman, M. A. (2019). Case formulation in interpersonal defence theory: A process model of interpersonal phenomena that play key roles in psychopathology and psychotherapy. In U. Kramer (Ed.), Case formulation for personality disorders: Tailoring psychotherapy to the individual client (pp. 315-335). London, United Kingdom: Elsevier.
Westerman, M. A. (2018). Interpersonal defense theory: An integration of philosophical considerations, psychoanalytic concepts, and perspectives on interpersonal processes that provides a guide for a wide range of therapeutic interventions. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 28, 310-328.
Westerman, M. A. (2018). What is novel about interpersonal defense theory and why those differences make a difference: Taking conflict seriously in a process model of problematic interpersonal phenomena. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 28, 338-347.
Westerman, M. A., & de Roten, Y. (2017). Investigating how interpersonal defense theory can augment understanding of alliance ruptures and resolutions: A theory-building case study. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 34, 13-25.
Westerman, M. A., & Muran, J. C. (2017). Investigating an approach to the alliance based on interpersonal defense theory. Psychotherapy Research, 27, 620-641.
Westerman, M. A. (2017). Building on Wachtel’s points about implications of Mitchell’s ideas: Suggestions based on the participatory philosophical perspective for locating the person in the world of practical activities. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 27, 530-545.
Westerman, M. A. (2014). The case of “Kate” and her pseudohallucinations from the perspective of interpersonal defense theory: An example of using case formulations as the key guide for understanding patients’ problems and making treatment decisions. Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy, Vol. 10(4), Article 3, 271-286. Available: http://hdl.rutgers.edu/172.1/pcsp_journal
Westerman, M. A. (2014). Examining arguments against quantitative research: “Case studies” illustrating the challenge of finding a sound philosophical basis for a human sciences approach to psychology. New Ideas in Psychology, 32, 42-58.
Westerman, M. A. (2013). Making sense of relational processes and other psychological phenomena: The participatory perspective as a post-Cartesian alternative to Gergen’s relational approach. Review of General Psychology, 17, 358-373.
Westerman, M.A. (2011). Defenses in interpersonal interaction: Using a theory-building case study to develop and validate the theory of interpersonal defense. Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy, Vol. 7(4), Article 3, 449-476. Available: http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.1/pcsp_journal
Westerman, M. A., & Yanchar, S. C. (Eds.) (2011). Quantitative research in an interpretive vein (Special Issue). Theory & Psychology. 21, 139-274.
Westerman, M. A., & Yanchar, S. C. (2011). Changing the terms of the debate: Quantitative methods in explicitly interpretive research. Theory & Psychology, 21,139-154.
Westerman, M A. (2011). Conversation analysis and interpretive quantitative research on psychotherapy process and problematic interpersonal behavior. Theory & Psychology, 21, 155-178.
Westerman, M. A. (2009). What can we learn from case studies? More than most psychologists realize. Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy, Vol. 5(3), Article 5, 53-70. Available: http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.1/pcsp_journal
Westerman, M. A., & Steen, E. M. (2009). Revisiting conflict and defense from an interpersonal perspective: Using structured role plays to investigate the effects of conflict on defensive interpersonal behavior. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 26, 379-401.
Westerman, M. A., & Steen, E. M. (2007). Going beyond the internal-external dichotomy in clinical psychology: The theory of interpersonal defense as an example of the participatory approach. Theory & Psychology, 17, 323-351.
Dahmen, B., A., & Westerman, M. A. (2007). Expectations about the long-term consequences of recurring defensive interpersonal behavior. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 1073-1090.
Yanchar, S. Y., & Westerman, M. A. (Eds.) (2006). Reconsidering quantitative research approaches: New interpretations and future possibilities (Special Issue). New Ideas in Psychology, 24(3).
Westerman, M. A. (2006). Quantitative research as an interpretive enterprise: The mostly unacknowledged role of interpretation in research efforts and suggestions for explicitly interpretive quantitative investigations. New Ideas in Psychology, 24, 189-211.
Westerman, M. A., & Prieto, D. M. (2006). Expectations about the short-term functional role played by defensive behavior in interpersonal interactions. Journal of Research in Personality, 40, 1015-1037.
Westerman, M. A. (2005). What is interpersonal behavior? A post-Cartesian approach to problematic interpersonal patterns and psychotherapy process. Review of General Psychology, 9, 16-34 .
Westerman, M. A. (2004). Theory and research on practices, theory and research as practices: Hermeneutics and psychological inquiry. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 24, 123-156.
Westerman, M. A. (1998). Reconceptualizing defense as a special type of problematic interpersonal behavior pattern: A fundamental breach by an agent-in-a-situation. The Journal of Mind and Behavior, 19, 257-302.
Westerman, M. A., Foote, J. P., & Winston, A. (1995). Change in coordination across phases of psychotherapy and outcome: Two mechanisms for the role played by patients' contribution to the alliance. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 672-675.
Westerman, M. A., & Foote, J. P. (1995). Patient coordination: Contrasts with other conceptualizations of patients' contribution to the alliance and validity in insight-oriented psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, 32, 222-232.
Westerman, M. A. (1993). A hermeneutic approach to integration: Psychotherapy within the circle of practical activity. In G. Stricker & J. Gold (Eds.), The comprehensive handbook of psychotherapy integration (pp. 187-216). New York: Plenum Press.
Westerman, M. A. (1990). Coordination of maternal directives with preschoolers' behavior in compliance problem and healthy dyads. Developmental Psychology, 26, 621-630.