"Repression, Media and the Mobilization of Ethnic Identity"
Abstract: Collective repression often has the consequence of coalescing political identities along group boundaries. I argue that the political legacy of violence is moderated by a relatively unexplored factor, the effect of cultural socialization in producing a common group awareness. Studying the case of the Basque Country during the late Franco regime and the Spanish democratic transition (1960-1979), I measure cultural socialization to in-group identity by the reception of radio stations operated by pro-nationalist Basque clergy, which promoted the use of Basque language and the diffusion of regional folklore. Preliminary results suggest that, especially in areas where pre-Franco support
for Basque nationalism was relatively low, the presence of ethnic media is associated with an increase in votes for new, radical independentist parties tied to ETA. Exploiting individual-level victimization data from the Spanish civil war I find that the effect of media varies with the local intensity of repression.
For more information, please visit https://wp.nyu.edu/gpes/.