Lionel C. Johnson is a leader in international business, public policy, and economic development. Prior to PPI, he served as senior vice president of the Initiative for Global Development, vice president of Turkey, Middle East, and North Africa Affairs at the Chamber of Commerce of the United States, and senior vice president of Public Affairs at Fleishman-Hillard. Johnson was vice president and director of International Government Affairs at Citigroup and deputy assistant secretary of the Treasury for International Development, Debt and Environment Policy in the Clinton Administration. He was also a senior advisor for Resources, Plans, and Policy to Secretary of State Warren Christopher, and a member of the Department of State Policy Planning Staff. He served as deputy director of the Clinton/Gore transition team at the Department of State. Earlier in Johnson’s career, as a member of the U.S. Foreign Service, he held assignments in Haiti, the Philippines, and Kenya, and he served as special assistant to Secretaries of State George P. Shultz and James A. Baker III. Johnson was a senior program officer at the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs. He received his bachelor’s degree from Rutgers University. Johnson is a visiting scholar of the Program on International Relations of New York University, a trustee of the RAND Corporation, and a serves on the boards of NDI, Project on Middle East Democracy, San Francisco General Hospital Foundation, and the U.S. Global Leadership Coalition.