Thomas Zittel is Professor for Comparative Politics at Goethe-University Frankfurt, External Fellow at the Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES) at the University of Mannheim, and currently Max Weber Chair in German and European Studies at New York University. He holds an M.A. of Johns Hopkins University and a Ph.D. of the University of Mannheim. He was a Kennedy Memorial Fellow at the Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies (Harvard University), a Fernand Braudel Fellow at the European University Institute (Florence, Italy), and an American Political Science Association Congressional Fellow. His research focuses on comparative representative government with special emphases on electoral systems, legislative behavior, and party politics. Zittel is author and editor of four books. His articles appeared among others in Comparative Political Studies, European Journal of Political Research, West European Politics, Party Politics, Electoral Studies, Legislative Studies Quarterly, Parliamentary Affairs, German Politics, and the Oxford Handbooks on Political Institutions, Electoral Systems, and Representation in Liberal Democracies. Prior to taking on the positions in Frankfurt and New York, Thomas Zittel taught at the University of Mannheim, University of Duisburg-Essen, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, and Cornell University.