As a social historian, I am interested in how ordinary people experienced and shaped modernity in Iran. My current research examines the impact of transportation technology, especially the railroad, on various segments of Iranian society such as nomads, laborers, pilgrims and tourists from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century. Aside from research agendas within Iranian Studies, I also study relations between Japan and the Islamic world since the mid-nineteenth century. In particular, I am working on a trans-regional study of how Japanese pan-Asianists interacted with the Islamic world between the late nineteenth century and the mid-twentieth century.<p> Some of my courses are geographically focused, such as courses on Iran and the Persianate world (societies that were influenced by the Persian language and culture, including China, India, and Central Asia). Others are more thematically organized, such as courses on the concept of “Asia” and technology in the Islamic world.