B.A. 1966, Harvard; M.P.A. 1968, Princeton; Ph.D. 1975, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Emeritus Professor of Politics
US Foreign Policy, Asian Political Economy
Social Science Research Council grant, 1985-1986; Visiting Scholar, Hoover Institution, Stanford University, 1987; Sloan Foundation funding, 1987-1991; Rockefeller Brothers Fund Grant, 1995; U.S. Institute of Peace Grant, 1996-1997; Smith Richardson Foundation grant, 2000-2004.
China, the U.S. and the Future of Southeast Asia, Ed. and Contributor (forthcoming, 2017)
China, the U.S. and the Future of Central Asia, Ed. and Contributor (Spring 2015)
The Economic & Strategic Rise of China and India (Palgrave-Macmillan, paperback edition, 2009)
Important economic and strategic realignments are taking place in Asia but receiving relatively limited press and academic attention. The focus of this volume is on how the after-effects of the 1997 financial crisis slowed the growth of the Pacific Rim countries, while strengthening the relative position of China and India. The book combines economic analysis with discussion of the efforts at regional integration, and concludes with an overview of strategic developments.
China: Contemporary Political, Economic and International Affairs, Ed. and Contributer (NYU Press, 2007)
The dramatic transformation of China from an impoverished state recovering from the Cultural Revolution to its current economic dynamism has been widely reported. What is not well-understood is that China’s economic and foreign policies have been completely revamped in the three decades since 1979, while its internal political system has been only slightly modified. This edited volume, with chapters by 18 leading China specialists, assesses these changes in China and evaluates whether the country can continue its economic vitality without significant changes in its political system.
Ballistic Missile Defense in the Post-Cold War Era (Westview Press, 1995)
During the Cold War missile defense was usually presented as an alternative to Deterrence and only a small number of analysts favored a substantial reliance on National Missile Defense as a U.S. strategy. However, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the U.S. had the choice of altering its mix of Deterrence and missile defense because an arms race with Russia was no longer likely. The intent of this volume is to show why certain types of missile defense need not be destabilizing and may improve overall defense effectiveness. An assessment is made of missile usage and missile defense in the Gulf War and quantitative criteria are provided for guiding how the U.S. might make choices about how extensive a missile defense to deploy.
Real Reciprocity: Balancing U.S. Economic and Security Policies in the Pacific Basin (Council on Foreign Relations, 1993)
During the 1950s the U.S. struck a bargain with its principal allies in Asia. The arrangement was that America’s Asian allies would get, essentially, unlimited access to American markets in exchange for base access and cooperation on security matters. This led to the creation of a massive ‘structural’ trade deficit with Asian states - which continues to the present. In the Post-Cold War Era, where the chances of large, inter-state wars have been reduced, the question is how to deal with these daunting trade deficits. The book urges raising U.S. savings and investment rates, active efforts to gain market access in Asia for American goods, and sharing defense burdens in a more equitable way. Hence: Real Reciprocity.
"Economics and National Security: The Danger of Overcommitment," Chapter in R. Kugler and E. Frost, eds., Globalization: The Impact on National Security, (Washington, D.C.: NDU Press, 2001).
"Challenges Facing the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN),"with Evelyn Colbert, Pacific Affairs, Winter 1999, Vol. 71, No. 4, pp. 505-523.
“Cycles in Indian Economic Liberalization: 1966-96”, Comparative Politics, October 1998, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 43-60.
"Fair Division: A New Approach to the Spratly Islands Controversy," with Steven Brams, International Negotiation, Vol. 2, No. 2., 1997, pp. 303-329.
"China's Security Strategy: The View from Beijing, ASEAN, and the U.S.," with Wendy Frieman, Asian Survey, Vol. XXXVI, April 1996, pp. 422-439.
Previous Professional Positions: Deputy Assistant Secretary, U.S. Department of Defense; Vice President for Policy Analysis, U.S. Export-Import Bank; Project Director, Economic Policy Council, United Nations Assn.; Assistant to the President, National Bureau of Economic Research; Program Economist, USAID, Dept. of State, Jakarta, Indonesia
Memberships and Listings: American Economic Association; American Political Science Association; Asia Society; Council on Foreign Relations; International Institute of Strategic Studies, London; US-Indonesia Society; Co-Chair, NYU Asia Policy Seminar; Korea Society; Who's Who in America; Who's Who in the World