Gi-Ra Yi, of the Soft Matter Research Laboratory at Sungkyunkwan University in Korea, currently on sabbatical at NYU, will deliver a seminar entitled, "Angle-Independent Structural Colors from Photonic Glass." Hosted by Stefano Sacanna.
For more information about Gi-Ra Yi, click here.
Abstract: A major fabrication challenge is producing disordered photonic materials with an angle-independent structural red color. Theoretical work has shown that such a color can be produced by fabricating inverse photonic glasses with monodisperse, nontouching voids in a silica matrix. Here, we demonstrate a route toward such materials and show that they have an angle-independent red color. We first synthesize monodisperse hollow silica particles with precisely controlled shell thickness and then make glassy colloidal structures by mixing two types of hollow particles with the same core size and different shell thicknesses. We then infiltrate the interstices with index-matched polymers, producing disordered porous materials with uniform, nontouching air voids. This procedure allows us to control the light-scattering form factor and structure factor of these porous materials independently, which is not possible to do in photonic glasses consisting of packed solid particles. The structure factor can be controlled by the shell thickness, which sets the distance between pores, whereas the pore size determines the peak wave vector of the form factor, which can be set below the visible range to keep the main structural color pure. By using a binary mixture of 212 and 268 or 242 and 268 nm hollow silica particles with 180 nm cores in an index-matched polymer matrix, we achieve angle-independent green or red color that can be tuned by controlling the shell thickness. Importantly, the width of the reflection peak can be kept constant, even for larger interparticle distances.