"Rawls's Unrealistic Whitopia: Ideal Theory as Epistemic Injustice"
John Rawls famously characterizes his ideal "well-ordered" society as a "realistic utopia." I will argue, on the contrary, that it is an unrealistic whitopia. In the first part of the paper, I will discuss the utopian and dystopian imaginaries, in both fiction and non-fiction. In the second part, I will focus on "whitopias," utopian sites, both real and imaginary, that are shaped in one way or another by "whiteness." Finally, in the third part, drawing on Miranda Fricker's concept of epistemic injustice, I will suggest that the idea needs to be extended reflexively to the theorization of justice itself, and that Rawlsian ideal theory can be regarded as a whitopian project, and as such one involving systemic epistemic injustice to people of color.