This course will explore the under-engaged topic of blacks in New York from its Dutch origins to the present. The process of racial formation and the mechanisms of racial domination in the early stages of the settlement were central to the northern colonial experience and to the founding of the United States. As Thelma Wills Foote has informed us, race first emerged as in important component of New York City’s mixing bowl when it was still a fledgling outpost, known as New Amsterdam, on the North American frontier. Race was formed in slave-owning households, in the public sphere, and in nearby farming districts. As such race over determined everyday life, the political economy, and governance despite numerous other sources of difference among the settlement’s early populations.