Ben entered the doctoral program in 2016 after studying at Bard College and Humboldt Universität zu Berlin. He received his B.A. from Bard College in 2015, with a joint major in philosophy and German studies. His thesis focused on Hermann Hesse’s mediation and attempted reconciliation of the Schopenhauerian and Nietzschean worldviews in Siddhartha. Research interests include: Kantian and post-Kantian philosophy, (anti-)Christian philosophers of the 19th c. (esp. Schopenhauer, Feuerbach, Nietzsche), the place of ancient Indian and Chinese thought in German philosophy and literature, intersections of philosophy and the arts (e.g., Goethe, Tieck & Wackenroder, Wagner, Hesse), and animal rights.