Political scientist Pierre Ostiguy introduces an alternative to the usual (Downsian) left-right spectrum way to understand sociopolitical divides and political strategies, with an innovative political “wheel” made up of axes whose “spokes” constitute the poles of an ordered series of alternate axes of political polarization. Not only can political actors be located along its circumference, but they often shift or “rotate” strategically. They thereby add new types of social support (while minimizing political inconsistency), leading to a change in the political sociology of the vote. Countries considered will be Argentina, Venezuela, Peru, Chile, and the US.
(PhD, UC, Berkeley) is a professor at the Instituto de Ciencia Política of the Catholic University of Chile. He has served as a professor in the US, Canada and Latin America, and carried out fieldwork in Argentina, Venezuela, the Andean region, and Central America. He his best known for introducing a two-dimensional framework for understanding Argentine politics from the 1940s to the present, his work on Peronism, and the notions of “high” and “low” in politics. His current research examines populism cross-regionally. Ostiguy is co-editor and author of a core theoretical chapter of the forthcoming
Oxford Handbook of Populism
. He has published in journals and edited volumes in North America, continental Europe, and Latin America. Release of his latest work,
Party Systems and Political Appeals: Populism and Anti-Populism in Argentina
, is expected with Notre Dame Press in 2017. He has also authored two books in Spanish.
is Professor in Latin American and Comparative Politics in the Department of Government of the LSE. He was born in Montevideo, Uruguay. He was educated in Uruguay, Brazil and the United Kingdom. He has a law degree from the Universidad de la República (Uruguay) and an MA and a PhD in Political Science from the University of Essex (UK). He has been visiting professor in universities in Argentina, Brazil, France, Mexico, Spain, Switzerland and Uruguay. His main research interests are democratic politics, populism, the politics of economic reform and the politics and policies of the countries of Mercosur. He has written extensively about populism and about left of center governments in Latin America. Among his main publications are
Conceptualizing Comparative Politics
(ed. With Anthony Peter Spanakos) (Routledge 2016);
Moments of Truth: The Politics of Financial Crises in Comparative Perspective
( ed. With George Philip) (Routledge 2014);
The Triumph of Politics: The Return of the Left in Venezuela, Bolivia and Ecuador
(with George Philip) (Polity 2011);
Contemporary Latin America: Development and Democracy Beyond the Washington Consensus
(Zed publishers 2009);
Populism and the Mirror of Democracy
(Verso, 2005); and
Unarmed Utopia Revisited: The Resurgence of Left of Centre Politics in Latin America
(Political Studies, 2005). He is currently working on a comparative project on the politics of patronage in Latin America.
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(Photo by Claudio Cortes.)